All you need to know before your arrival
The Changbaishan Biosphere Reserve is located in the northeast of China on the border with the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea. The topography is composed of a basalt platform, basalt slope highlands, and cone-like volcanoes. Craters produced in the distant past now form lakes, which are surrounded by sixteen mountains. The highest peak, Mount ChangBai, rises 2,691 meters above sea level; at its summit can be found Heavenly Lake, hot springs and a waterfall. Small volcanoes stretch from the northwest to the southeast and delineate the border of the reserve.
The temperate continental climate of the reserve is influenced by monsoons. The vegetation within the area also alters with the altitude, encompassing deciduous forests, mixed coniferous-broadleaf forests with Pinus koraiensis (Korean pine), coniferous forests, dwarf-birch forests, and alpine tundra. The flora comprises European, Siberian and central Chinese species, and includes 1,800 species of vascular plants. The biosphere reserve also provides a habitat for Panthera tigris long piles (North East Asian tiger), the largest tiger subspecies in the world.
Temperate and sub-polar broad-leaf forests or woodlands and mixed mountain and highland systems are the major ecosystem types. Examples of flora and fauna species living within the reserve include Fraxinus mandshurica(Manchurian ash), Panthera tigris (tiger) and Mergus squamatus (scaly-sided merganser).
About 2,000 inhabitants live in the biosphere reserve (1997 figures). The nearest major towns are Erdo town, Antu County, Fusong County, and ChangBai County. Tourism has become a key activity with 170,000 tourists visiting the reserve during the summer season. The authorities of Changbaishan work together with local communities to diversify the local economy, for instance, through the cultivation of economic and medicinal plants. Several human activities infringe on the biodiversity of the reserve, however, including tiger poaching and the collection of plants (e.g. Panax ginseng). The low income and poor education of the local population are thought to be the main threats to biodiversity. In order to increase public awareness, a Nature Museum and Information Centre have been established as dissemination points for environmental education.
How to Arrive
For your information, you will land at Yanji Airport (YNJ) or Changbaishan Airport (NBS) in September, and transfer to Changbaishan Biosphere Reserve with a shuttle bus arranged by Changbai Mountain National Nature Reserve (CMNR). Kindly find the staff holding a "2019 MAB Youth Forum" welcome board upon your arrival for the direction of the shuttle bus.
Currency Exchange, Credit Cards and ATM
The Chinese currency is the Chinese yuan, known as CNY or RMB.
One CNY consists of 10 jiaos (‘dimes’, or 100 fens, ‘cents’).
Banknote denominations available are 1, 5, 10, 50 and 100 CNY.
You can exchange currency at airports, major hotels, and banks.
Note that there is often a fee for this service.
You must have your passport when exchanging money,
and the daily exchange rate is provided by the Bank of China.
All currency exchange receipts must be saved, in order to change RMB back to your own currency.
The temperatures in the town are between 12 - 27°C.
However, the weather on the mountain is unpredictable because of the high altitude
(The highest peak in the mountain range is as high as 2691 meters).
A fine day can suddenly turn cloudy and chilly.
Waterproof jackets are recommended.
Be sure to bring enough layers, so you can always add or remove them as you climb.
Electricity, plugs, and sockets
Basically, there are two main standards for voltage and frequency in the world.
One is the standard of 120 volts at a frequency of 60 Hz, and the other is the standard of 220–240 volts at 50 Hz.
China uses generally 220V, 50HZ.
The standard for Chinese plugs and sockets is set out in GB 2099.1–2008 and GB 1002–2008.
A standard socket in China has two pins on the upper part and earthed three pins on the lower part.